State University of New York at Morrisville

Dr. Walid H. Shayya
School of Agriculture and Natural Resouces

Course Outline for AGEN 151

Applied Hydraulics for Hydropower Generation


Spring 2019

Blackboard Access of Course Material On-line (for students enrolled in the course)


Dr. Walid H. Shayya

Instructor's Contact Information


AGEN 151 covers the basic concepts of water hydraulics as applied to hydropower generation.  The course is introductory in nature and is intended to provide a basic review of fluid static and hydrodynamic conditions as applied to micro- and mini-hydropower generation systems.  Focus will be on utilizing the conservation of energy principle to establish the conditions that will impact the selection of a hydropower generation system.  Additional focus will be placed on considering the need and the extent of energy that may be harnessed from flowing fluids (water).  Instruction in the course will heavily favor the use of spreadsheets and computer software which will enable the student to solve basic and advanced problems without excessive hand computations.  The laboratory exercises will emphasize the hands-on approach to demonstrating concepts and will include a review of basic surveying along with coverage of the associated surveying computations.  The course is offered during the spring semester for students who are in their first year of the Renewable Energy A.A.S. program.

Prerequisite: Pass MATH 102 or permission of instructor
3 credits (2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours), spring semester


Upon the successful completion of AGEN 151, the student is expected to have:
  1. Understood the importance of energy conversion and power generation from flowing fluids (water).

  2. Utilized spreadsheets and computer software to solve hydraulic problems that relate to generating power through micro- and mini-hydropower systems.

  3. Collected, documented, evaluated, and analyzed hydraulic parameters.

  4. Carried out vertical, horizontal, and slope distance measurements using a variety of methods.

  5. Developed the skills needed to use a variety of modern surveying equipment.

  6. Conducted leveling exercises with emphasis on available potential energy.

  7. Planned and utilized a number of leveling techniques in the area of hydropower generation and performed basic and advanced leveling computations.


The instructor has the following designated office hours per week:

If necessary, students are also encouraged to make appointments to see the instructor at other times.


AGEN 151 is a three-credit hour course.  It includes four contact hours per week (two for lecture and two for the laboratory).  One section of the lecture and one section of the laboratory are offered during the 2019 Spring semester.  The schedule of the offered sections is as follows:


A course manual is available from the campus bookstore.  It includes the instructor’s lesson plans, PowerPoint presentations (printed in handout format), pertinent reading material, and printouts of the laboratory exercises.

Course material is also available online under Blackboard (accessible only to those students who are enrolled in the course).  Other resources are available at the college library and online. Students are encouraged to be actively involved in acquiring some pertinent knowledge from all available resources.



Any student who feels s/he may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact the Disability Services (DS) office immediately to register for services and receive a Notification of Disabilities form. Once you have this form, we will meet privately, to discuss your specific needs.   Although you may register for services at any time, please attempt to make arrangements within the first two weeks of the semester so all appropriate academic accommodations can be set. 



Evaluation is a shared responsibility between the teacher and the student. The purpose of the evaluation is to demonstrate how well the professor has taught and the student has learned specific course materials, the principles, concepts, and terms relevant to the covered topics.  Evaluation is also intended to assess the student's ability to utlize the acquired knowledge and how s/he can use this knowledge in problem-solving.

Most of the laboratory periods will have a graded component or exercise while some of the lecture periods will involve homework assignments. These components will total twenty five percent (25%) of the total course grade. As such, it is important that students complete their assignments accurately, neatly, and submit them on time. 

Two hourly exams and one comprehensive final exam will be given in this course. Each of the hourly exams is worth fifteen percent (15%) while the final will be worth twenty five percent (25%) of the total course grade. No make-up examination will be given without a written medical excuse, family emergencies, or prior permission from the instructor. Students are responsible for all material covered in the class whether presented orally during the lectures/ laboratories or assigned (homework and reading).

Each student must complete a class project as defined by the instructor. The project will be worth fifteen percent (15%) of the final grade.

The breakdown of grading in this course will be as follows:

The distribution of grades in this course will be based on the A-F College grading scheme. The letter grades correspond to the following percentage scale: A (90-100%), A- (87-89.9%), B+ (83-86.9%), B (80-82.9%), B- (77-79.9%), C+ (73-76.9%), C (70-72.9%), C- (67-69.9%), D+ (63-66.9%), D (60-62.9%), and F (<60%).



Lecture Topic*

Lecture Date
1 Introduction to AGEN 151
Introduction to Microsoft Excel
Jan. 22
Jan. 24
2 Overview of hydropower generation
Overview of pipe material and fittings
Jan. 29
Jan. 31
3 Significant digits and field measurements
Overview of basic units
Feb. 5
Feb. 7
4 Unit cancelation and mathematical problem solving
Water pressure under static conditions
Feb. 12
Feb. 14
5 Energy distribution in pressurized pipelines and Conservation of energy principle
Energy losses in pressurized systems and review of the study guide for the first exam
Feb. 19
Feb. 21
6 First class examination
Introduction to turbo-machines
Feb. 26
Feb. 28
7 Flow measurements and open channel flow
Surveying fundamentals
March 5
March 7
Week 8 (March 12 and 14) - Spring Break (No classes)
9 Maps, plans, and profiles
Preparing profile views and plan views using the engineer scale
March 19
March 21
10 Introduction to leveling
Differential leveling and differential leveling problems
March 26
March 28
11 Distance measurements (excluding the EDM)
Stationing and horziontal distance measurements using the steel tape
April 2
April 4
12 Correcting systematic errors in distance measurements
Profile leveling problems and review of the study guide for the second exam
April 9
April 11
13 Second class examination
Angle measurements
April 16
April 18
14 Basic trigonometry and introduction to trigonometric leveling
EDM and the total station
April 23
April 25
15 Trigonometric leveling problems
Traverse surveys and review of the study guide for the final exam
April 30
May 2
Final Examination (comprehensive) - During the Exam Period



Laboratory Topic (Location)*

1: Jan. 24 Introduction to Microsoft Excel tutorial
2: Jan. 31 Common pipe materials and fittings exercise
3: Feb. 7 Assembling pipes and fittings exercise (121 Wood Tech. Building)
4: Feb. 14 Pressure and head problems
5: Feb. 21 Pipe friction and sizing problems
6: Feb. 28 Turbine power output problems
7: March 7 Flow measurements and open channel flow problems
Week 8 (March 14 - Spring Break (No Laboratory)
9: March 21 Preparing plan and profile views from a set of surveying measurements
10: March 28 Differential leveling exercise (using the automatic level)
11: April 4 Distance measurements and stationing exercise (using the steel tape)
12: April 11 Profile leveling exercise (using the automatic level)
13: April 18 Horizontal angle measurements and line directions exercise (using the digital theodolite)
14: April 25 Vertical angle measurements and trigonometric leveling exercise (using the total station)
Micro-hydro project measurements exercise (using the total station)
15: May 2 Finalize micro-hydro project

*The topics and corresponding dates listed in the tables above are tentative and may be subject to change during the semester.